ENGLISH LESSON PLANNING
English will be a compulsory school subject from elementary
school. Although I did not major in English in college, I do love
this language, and I am very attracted to it's use . In order to
learn more useful things, I come here and take English lessons.
Planning a lesson is not an easy thing. In these lessons, I learn not only from books and magazines, but from the teacher and classmates. I have learned different teaching methods and gained a lot of English knowledge. The following are my opinions and thoughts.
1. Establish goals
A lesson plan should be developed for every lesson thought. When planning specific goals and objectives methods should be carefully selected to help ensure that these goals are achieved.
2. Visual aids
Beautiful full-color illustrations and clear cards can help students understand the new material easily. Teachers can make cards or props before the class or let the students do it.
Even the simplest "props" will heighten your students level of enthusiasm.
3. Tapes and radio cassettes
Use tapes or video cassettes to help students learn songs or do exercises and activities. Most cassettes contain professional narrations of the delightful stories that begin each unit, as well as directions and models for most of book's activities, reviews, songs, and chants. The cassettes are very useful in the classroom, particularly for teachers who are non-native speakers of English. In addition, students can use the cassettes individually as a marvelous review tool.
1. Review (warm up)
Every class should begin with an oral review of language already studied. This helps the students to remember previous material and starts the class on a positive note.
Ⅰ Listen and repeat
In planning a lesson, it is also important to include the teaching of new vocabulary and sentences to students. The best way is to have class often repeat words and Sentences after you. This will help students learn how to speak English, and not just read or write .
Ⅱ Mines and gestures
Words learned through experience and pictures are much more easily remembered and using gestures a lot while speaking can also help students to remember the meaning of words and sentences. Ask the students to gesture, when practicing English. This makes learning more interesting.
Ⅲ English explanations and classroom English
Speak English as much as possible when teaching, rather than explaining simple things in Chinese. Use English. In order to get students to understand what you are saying, use the simple English that students have already learned. Not only should the teacher speak English , but the students should , too. Push students to speak English as much as possible in the classroom. Do not allow students to say anything in Chinese if they have learned how to say it in English.
Using easy-to-learn chants, helps students to reinforce the key words or phrases. As the students say the chants, add some fun gestures. Choose a chant that has a specific topic of study. The purpose of the chants is to provide teachers with an immediate source and reinforce students' language learning.
Whenever the students get rowdy or bored, or at the end of the class, teaching a song will help students review some words and control the classroom . When special festivals or holidays are celebrated, teaching a special song is also interesting.
Games need not be considered simply entertainment, they serve as a way to reinforce the material presented in the lesson in a way that engages students in a very effective manner. There are many games to choose from, some that focus on vocabulary, some that focus on structures , and some that exploit both vocabulary and structures. Before using a game, make sure you have adequately thought or reviewed the material, so students are familiar with the English you want them to practice.
For stories to be truly useful and effective, they must be appealing to children. Choose short stories. The language content in the stories should be simple and repetitive. The students will feel confident and learn quickly.
Learning a foreign language takes not only time but patience as well. Unfortunately, the more I learned, the more I began to realize that I still didn't know enough to teach. I think I still need a lot more practical experience than I've learned in the classroom already. In my opinion, the best teachers are those who continue to learn through their whole life. Teachers need to keep expanding their own knowledge. They should also be willing to try different teaching methods. I hope I can bring what I've learned into elementary school teaching and be a good English teacher.